Aids Essay Research Paper Aids by sean

Aidss Essay, Research Paper

Aidss by sean Ross

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How is HIV Diagnosed?

You can acquire tested for HIV in a figure of locations & # 8212 ; including public clinics, AIDS organisations, doctors & # 8217 ; offices, and infirmaries. Many locations give the trial for free. You can take between anon. trials, in which you do non give your name to the HealthCare supplier, or confidential trials, in which you do give your name. Test sites should supply trained counsellors who can offer you back up and guidance, no affair what the trial consequence. ( Balch-97 )

An HIV trial looks for the antibodies your immune system creates in response to the virus. These antibodies may non look in your blood until three to six months after HIV infection. Therefore, a negative trial for HIV does non needfully intend you aren & # 8217 ; T infected. That & # 8217 ; s why if you are at hazard for HIV infection you should acquire tested sporadically in add-on to practising safer sex at all times.

T-cell counts

If you test HIV-positive, you should hold frequent blood trials to find the degrees of healthy T cells. These cell counts assist bespeak how rapidly the infection is come oning and which class of intervention is best. Normal T-cell count is 800 to 1,300 cells per three-dimensional millimetre of blood. In the first

few months after HIV infection, T-cells may diminish to 400 to 650. As infection progresses, T cells bead to a 2nd degree of 200 to 499. At this phase you can anticipate to hold late symptoms, although this excessively is variable. The most dangerous AIDS unwellnesss go on when T-cell degrees fall below 200. ( Berkow-97 )

Early on Symptoms

Once HIV enters your organic structure & # 8212 ; through seeds, vaginal secernments, blood, or human chest milk & # 8212 ; it by and large takes a month or two before making symptoms, if any ( non everyone has symptoms at this phase ) . These initial symptoms are similar to the grippe and can last three to 14 yearss:

-Fever

-Chills

-Night workout suits

-Skin roseolas

-Headache

-Malaise

-Swollen lymph nodes ( immune system variety meats

easy felt in the cervix and inguen )

-General uncomfortableness ( Hurst-96 )

Within the several months following HIV infection, you may hold repeated episodes of these flu-like symptoms. After that, an mean period of five to seven old ages will go through without another mark of HIV infection & # 8212 ; though that hold can run from a few months to more than 10 old ages. However, even when you don & # 8217 ; Ts have symptoms, the virus is still multiplying in your organic structure, and you can distribute it to other people. ( Tierny-98 )

Subsequently symptoms ( months to old ages before oncoming of AIDS )

Symptoms may include:

-Fatigue

-Mild weight loss

-Frequent febrilities and workout suits

-Swollen lymph secretory organs

-Persistent barm infections

-Persistent tegument roseolas

-Pelvic inflammatory disease that does non

-respond to intervention

-Short term memory loss

-Frequent and terrible herpes infections

doing oral cavity, genital or anal sores

-Painful nervus disease ( herpes zosters )

At this phase, you may hold other upsets ensuing from HIV infection: terrible dermatitis, personality alterations, rational damage, peripheral neuritis ( redness of one or more peripheral nervousnesss ) , pneumonia, myocardial inflammation ( redness of the in-between muscular bed of the bosom wall ) , nephritis ( kidney redness ) , and arthritis. ( Taylor-98 )

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

As chronic HIV advancements, the immune system grows weaker and weaker until it can no longer prevent diseases and/or & # 8220 ; timeserving & # 8221 ; infections those that would non normally go on in a individual with a normal immune system ) . These include: Pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii HIV infection of the encephalon ( phrenitis with dementedness ) Toxoplasmosis of the encephalon ( a protozoon infection ) Cryptococcosis infection ( a fungous infection ) HIV blowing syndrome ( inveterate active HIV infection ) Candida ( yeast infections of the vagina, oral cavity, gorge, windpipe, bronchial tubing, or lungs ) Kaposi & # 8217 ; s sarcoma ( a signifier of skin malignant neoplastic disease ) Tuberculosis and related infections Cryptosporidiosis infection of the bowel ( a protozoon infection ) Herpes simplex virus infections of oral cavity, gorge, and lungs Lymphoma ( a malignant neoplastic disease of the immune system ) Cytomegalovirus infections of the retina and other variety meats ( HIV positive.com )

Conditionss That May Be Mistaken for HIV and AIDS

HIV and AIDS may affect virtually every organ in the organic structure. Therefore, many conditions can be mistaken for HIV/AIDS, including: Cancer, particularly lymphoma ( doing malnutrition or weight loss ) Senile dementedness Gastrointestinal infection ( particularly parasitic ) Colitis Inflammatory intestine disease Depression.

Causes

The human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ) causes AIDS. HIV non merely onslaughts and destroys the white blood cells that are cardinal to contending infection ( T4 or helper T cells ) , it really uses the T cell & # 8217 ; s familial stuff to multiply itself. Finally, HIV cripples the immune system, doing the septic individual vulnerable to multiple infections, diseases, and nervous system jobs. One of the grounds AIDS is such a fatal disease is that HIV is an highly immune virus, mutating invariably to last the immune system & # 8217 ; s onslaughts. ( San Fransisco Aids found. )

Theoretical Causes

There are really rare instances of transmittal among household members populating together with no identifiable beginning of transmittal. No 1 knows the cause of transmittal in these few rare instances. ( Gay mens wellness crisis centre )

How is HIV Transmitted?

Unprotected sex, Sharing of subcutaneous acerate leafs for injection, drug usage

From an HIV-infected female parent to her babe, particularly as the babe passes through the birth canal ( the babe has a 25-30 % opportunity of being HIV positive if non treated duringpregnancy ) , Human breast milk

Accidental needle sticks, which are a hazard among HealthCare workers ( about a 1 in 300 opportunity ) , Blood transfusion and curdling merchandises ( although this is really rare, with the modern blood-screening systems in usage since 1985 ) ( Bennet-96 )

Treatment

No 1 knows how to bring around HIV or AIDS. However, there are many therapies, both conventional and alternate, that efficaciously prolong and heighten the quality of the lives of people with HIV and AIDS. The ends of intervention are to: Decelerate the reproduction rate of HIV Prevent and handle timeserving infections Relieve symptoms and by and large better quality of life. ( Noble-96 )

Treatment overview

If you have HIV/AIDS, the criterion of attention in the United States is to supply you conventional drug therapies, particularly if your T-cell count has fallen below 500. You will take most HIV/AIDS drugs in combination, to most efficaciously cut down viral blood degrees, increase helper T-cell counts, and diminish the AIDS decease rate. Because combinations of HIV/AIDS drugs are every bit of import as the single drugs themselves, it is highly of import that you stick to your medicine regimen:

Take drugs at precisely the prescribed times of twenty-four hours

Never skip doses

Never skip drugs

For surveillance and everyday direction, you won & # 8217 ; t need to remain in the infirmary. Some more terrible complications will necessitate a infirmary stay.

Drug Therapy

Anti-HIV drug therapy onslaughts HIV at assorted phases of its life rhythm. Although the drugs have improved the side effects, including sickness, tummy spasms, diarrhoea and unnatural organic structure fat redistribution. ( Hardman-96 )

Bibliography

American Foundation for AIDS Research

120 Wall Street, Thirteenth Floor

New York, NY 10005

Telephone: 212-806-1600

Facsimile: 212-806-1601

The Body & # 8212 ; An AIDS and HIV Information Resource

Centers for Disease Control

National Prevention Information Network

P.O. Box 6003

Rockville, MD 20849

Telephone: 800-458-5231

International: 301-562-1098

TTY: 800-243-7012

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation

2950 31st Street, Suite 125

Santa Monica, CA 90405

Telephone: 310-314-1459

Facsimile: 31-314-1469

Electronic mail: info @ pediaids.org

Gay Men & # 8217 ; s Health Crisis

119 West 24th Street, 6th Floor

New York, NY 10011

Telephone: 212-807-6655

TTY: 212-645-7470

Facsimile: 212-337-3656

HIV Anonymous Testing & A ; Reding

Howard Brown Health Center

4025 N. Sheridan Road

Chicago, IL 60613

Telephone: 773-388-1600

HIV Insite & # 8212 ; Gateway to AIDS Knowledge

University of California, San Francisco

HIV Positive.com

Centers for Disease Control National HIV/AIDS

Hotline

800-342-AIDS ( 2437 )

San Francisco AIDS Foundation

P.O. Box 426182

San Francisco, CA 94142-6182

AIDS Hotline: 800-367-AIDS ( 2437 ) ( toll-free in Calif. )

Telephone: ( 415 ) 487-3000

Electronic mail: feedback @ sfaf.org

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Balch, James F. and Balch, Phyllis A. Prescription

for Nutritional Healing Garden City Park, NY: Avery

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of Medicine, eds. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders,

1996.

Berkow, Robert. Merck Manual of Medical

Information, Home Edition. New Jersey: Merck

Research Laboratories, 1997.

Fauci, Anthony J. et. Al. Harrison & # 8217 ; s Principles of

Internal Medicine, eds. New York: McGraw-Hill,

1998.

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Gilman & # 8217 ; s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics

explosive detection systems. New York: McGraw Hill, 1996.

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Stamford, CT: Appleton & A ; Lange 1996.

Murray, Michael T. Encyclopedia of Natural

Medicine. Prima, 1998.

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Mosby, 1996.

Physicians & # 8217 ; Desk Reference. Montvale, NJ: Medical

Economics Co. , 1998.

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Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1998.

Taylor, Robert B. Family Medicine: Principles and

Practice. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1998.

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Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment explosive detection systems.

Stamford, CT: Appleton & A ; Lange, 1998.