House Arrest Essay, Research Paper
Every twelvemonth, province and federal prisons are filled to capacity with nonviolent
felons. This puts force per unit area on word boards to let go of felons who under
normal fortunes would non be released due to the nature of their offenses. Each
State & # 8217 ; s Department of Corrections has to pass more of taxpayers & # 8217 ; money each
twelvemonth for prison care, correctional officers and prison health care. The
job of prison over population can easy be put under control with the
execution of the new engineerings presently available for distant monitoring
and wireless frequence turn uping systems. Electronic monitoring and house apprehension has
go a feasible option to captivity, probation, and parole supervising.
Should a individual go to imprison for inordinate speeding tickets, a DUI, or
ownership of drugs while violent wrongdoers, such as rapers, are being released in 7
old ages alternatively of their 20 twelvemonth sentence? Non-violent offense wrongdoers could easy
be controlled and monitored without holding to be under 24 hr ticker in a
correctional installation. Criminals of nonviolent offenses are more likely to be
rehabilitated with community service along with house apprehension instead than
captivity ( Ramenez 47 ) . Electronic house apprehension has the capacity to cut down the
behaviour of its plans participants particularly the minor wrongdoers.
When a felon is placed under house arrest they are required under the
footings of their apprehension to pay for any and all of their personal and public disbursals.
The cost of maintaining a non-violent wrongdoer in gaol is expensive and the money
comes from province and federal revenue enhancements. The mean cost for health care for a prison
inmate in the province of Arizona is $ 2319.00 a twelvemonth ( Arizona Department of
Corrections. & # 8220 ; Healthcare Cost Statistics. & # 8221 ; ) . Multiplied by the figure of current
inmates the sum is about $ 60,900 million a twelvemonth, this is merely for
health care this does non include any other prison disbursals. The current figure of
non-violent offense wrongdoers incarcerated in the province of Arizona make up approximately
33 % ( Arizona Department of Corrections. & # 8220 ; Inmate Statistics. & # 8221 ; ) . If lone half of
Arizona & # 8217 ; s non-violent felons where put under house arrest the province would salvage
at least 10.5 million a twelvemonth in health care costs, this does non include the decrease in
the cost of security and the entire figure of captives behind bars.
A primary job in Arizona and most other provinces is prisons
overcrowding. Overcrowding leads to a figure of jobs that presently many
correctional installations are non able to command decently. In over crowded prisons
there is ever the menace of a public violence which could jeopardize the lives of captives as
good as the correctional officers. Though the health care system in today & # 8217 ; s prisons
is acceptable they are unable to command eruptions of socially and sexually
transmitted unwellnesss. Imprisoning captives in their ain places will diminish the
figure of nonviolent felons behind bars, secure more room for violent
felons and can halt the transmittal to societal unwellnesss. In a study by the
Catawba County Department of Corrections, they concluded that electronic house
apprehension is cheaper than intensive supervising. Mention to Postpone 1.1 and 1.2
Cost per Day per Probation/Parolee Status of current Convict
Electronic House Arrest
Table 1.1 ( Catawba County North Carolina ) .
Cost per Day per Prison Inmate Security degree of prison
Table 1.2 ( State of North Carolina Department of Corrections ) .
When a felon is put on a house apprehension plan s/he is given a sender
that is worn on there carpus or mortise joint, and a receiving system is placed in the wrongdoer & # 8217 ; s place.
The sender so communicates with the receiving system, which will hold a pre-set
scope in which the wrongdoer must remain, during the times they are to be at place. All
senders are tamper cogent evidence and H2O resistant. The receiving system communicates via
the place telephone line, to a computing machine in the monitoring centre ; all foliages, returns,
fail to returns, tamping bars, and power or phone jobs as they occur are
monitored ( House Arrest Services, inc. ) . These fail-safe devices and sophisticated
security steps guarantee that any effort by the wearer to go forth the current country
would merely take to the immediate presentment of the governments and so the
felon is considered a fleeting. With these picks evidently a felon would
instead remain under house apprehension than effort flight which would decidedly take
to that individual being incarcerated in a more unafraid province or federal penitentiary.
Electronic monitoring and house apprehension is going more platitude. If
more systems were to go available in the hereafter, we may be able to acquire a
command our prison overcrowding job. Detering nonviolent wrongdoers from
piquing once more is besides an of import facet of this system by non leting them to
associate with other captives their rehabilitation can non be corrupted by a more
aberrant condemnable societal grouping that can happen in prisons. With the economic and
societal facets of electronic monitoring in position it is clearly an option to
today & # 8217 ; s high cost and prison overcrowding job.
Arizona Department of Corrections. & # 8220 ; Healthcare Cost Statistics. & # 8221 ;
August 26, 1999
( September 24, 1999 ) .
Arizona Department of Corrections. & # 8220 ; Inmate Statistics. & # 8221 ;
August 26, 1999 ( September 24, 1999 ) .
Catawba County North Carolina. & # 8220 ; Electronic House Arrest. & # 8221 ;
January 15, 1999
( September 9, 1999 ) .
House Arrest Services, inc. & # 8220 ; Remote Monitoring. & # 8221 ;
6 June 1999 ( 9 September 1999 ) .
Renzama, Marc. & # 8220 ; Home Confinement Programs: Development, Implementation,
and Impact. & # 8221 ; Crime and Delinquency. ( 1995 ) : 41-47.
State of North Carolina Department of Corrections. & # 8220 ; Cost of Supervision. & # 8221 ;
August 10, 1999
( September 9,1999 ) .