Robert E Lee Essay, Research Paper
For some the adult male Robert E. Lee is an about God like figure. For others he is a paradox. Robert E. Lee was born on January 19, 1807 at Stratford, Virginia. Robert was the 4th kid of a Revolutionary War hero Henry & # 8220 ; Light Horse Harry & # 8221 ; Lee and Ann Hill Carter Lee. Young Robert, the boy, was raised largely by his female parent. From her he learned forbearance, control, and subject. As a immature adult male he was exposed to Christianity and accepted its religion. In contrast to the strong illustration of his female parent Robert saw his male parent go from failed endeavor to neglect endeavor. In portion the immature Robert was led to seek harder and win.
Robert was accepted to the United States Military Academy and graduated 2nd in his category. But possibly greater than his academic success was his record of no demerits while being a plebe which today has still non been equaled. Following his graduation Lee, like most top classmen, was given a committee as an applied scientist. Lt. Lee helped construct the St. Louis waterfront and worked on coastal garrisons in Brunswick and Savannah. It was during this clip he married Mary Custis the granddaughter of George Washington and Martha Custis Washington.
In 1845 the War between U.S. and Mexico erupted. General Winfield Scott, overall U.S. Army commanding officer, attached Captain Robert E. Lee to his staff. Lee was intrusted with the critical responsibilities of mapping out the terrain in front, spliting the line of progress for the U.S. military personnels, and in one instance taking military personnels into conflict. Lee was larning accomplishments he would necessitate 16 old ages subsequently. There in Mexico Lee besides met, worked with, and got a opportunity to measure many of those he would subsequently function with and against ; James Longstreet, Thomas J. Jackson, George Pickett, and U.S. Grant.
Following the Mexican War Lee returned to service as an ground forces applied scientist. He spent most of this clip near Washington D.C. and moved into Custis sign of the zodiac ( now overlooking the Arlington Cemetery ) . Thus was Colonel Lee was available for responsibility to set down a believed rebellion at Harper Ferry, Virginia the site of a United States Arsenal. Colonel Lee, and a immature adjutant Lt. JEB Stuart, and a withdrawal of U.S. Mariness, were rushed by train to Harper & # 8217 ; s Ferry where they were able to capture extremist emancipationist John Brown and his followings.
Brown & # 8217 ; s effort seemed to corroborate all the worst frights of the deep South and when Abraham Lincoln was elected President South Carolina seceded and was rapidly followed by 6 more deep southern provinces: Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. The old warrior General Winfield Scott asked Colonel Robert E. Lee to take bid of the United States Army to set down the rebellion.
Lee, nevertheless, offered his services to the freshly elected President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis. Mr
. Davis accepted them and Lee was made a general in CSA service. At first General Lee was more or less advisor to President Davis and the Secretary of War.
General Lee & # 8217 ; s first run in what was to go West Virginia was less than a success. Command of the Eastern Army was divided between the hero of Fort Sumpter, P.G.T. Beauregard, and Joe Johnston who together won the first large conflict of the East & # 8212 ; Bull Run ( Manassas ) . Thus Joe Johnston was in bid when George B. McClellan started his March on Richmond. When Johnston went down with lesions it was easy for Davis to replace him with General R.E. Lee who instantly took charge and attacked, seeking to do up for his Numberss with his audaciousness. In a series of uninterrupted conflicts known as the 7 Days Battle Lee forced McClellan to withdraw.
Therefore began the calling of the Army of Northern Virginia which rose and fell with Lee & # 8217 ; s star. His daring and appreciation of scheme made him more than a lucifer for every General President Lincoln sent against him until U.S. Grant defeated him through the Battle of Attrition.
Lee & # 8217 ; s greatest triumph was the Battle of Chancellorsville in May of 1863. Lee was faced with a larger ground forces led by contending Joe Hooker. Lee and his most sure lieutenant, Gen. Stonewall Jackson, divided their forces and through a forced March around General Hooker fell on his open wing, turn overing it up, and get the better ofing the brotherhood forces yet once more.
This triumph led Lee and Davis to see a 2nd invasion of the North. Lee & # 8217 ; s ground forces would hopefully convey the Federal forces to bay and destruct them. They would so process on Washington to manus Lincoln a missive inquiring for acknowledgment of the CSA. So with despairing hopes, and while still mourning the loss of Stonewall Jackson, Lee and Davis crossed the river and invaded Pennsylvania.
The greatest land conflict in the Western Hemisphere was fought at Gettysburg, Pa. , on July 1, 2, & A ; 3. The Army of Northern Virginia led by Lee, and the Army of the Potomac led by freshly appointed General George Meade, hammered each other. On the 3rd twenty-four hours of conflict General Lee trusting to stop the war ordered the great frontal assault popularly known as Pickett & # 8217 ; s Charge. After the failure of the onslaught General Lee blamed merely himself, but Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia fought on for 2 more old ages. General Lee surrendered at Appomatox Court House on April 9, 1865. This efficaciously brought the American Civil War to an terminal as other Confederate field commanding officers followed Lee & # 8217 ; s illustration
Following the war Lee was about tried as a treasonist, but was merely left with his civil rights suspended. Lee was offered the station of President of Washington University where he served until his decease in 1870. The school was subsequently renamed Washington and Lee. As a concluding note President Gerald Ford had Lee & # 8217 ; s citizenship restored.