The full rubric of the book sounds like & # 171 ; The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, seaman: who lived eight and twenty old ages, all entirely in an un-inhabited island in a seashore of America, near the oral cavity of the great river of Oroonoque ; holding been cast on shore by shipwreck, where in all the work forces perished but himself. With an history how he was at last as queerly delivered by plagiarists. Writing by himself & # 187 ; .
The writer of this book & # 8211 ; Daniel Defoe. Defoe & # 8211 ; a author and journalist, was born April 26, 1660 in Cripplegate, England. To artistic creativeness Defoe turned excessively late. At the fifty-eighth twelvemonth of his life he wrote his & # 171 ; Robinson Crusoe & # 187 ; . Despite this, the literary bequest left to them is tremendous.
& # 171 ; The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe was published in 1719. The book is written as a fictional autobiography of Robinson Crusoe, a crewman from York, who spent 28 old ages on an uninhabited island after a shipwreck. All events are recorded in a diary and make a realistic image of the pseudo-product. Most likely, a fresh written under the influence of the existent narratives that happened to Alexander Selkirk, who spent on an uninhabited island in the Pacific for four old ages.
September 1, 1651 Robinson sailed from Gul in London. A hebdomad subsequently, in Yarmouth Roads, swooped storm. The ship is droping, crewmans picks up the boat from a adjacent vas. In London he met with the captain of the ship, being prepared to travel to Guinea, and decides to travel with him.
That was an unsuccessful expedition: their ship captures a Turkish Barbary pirate, and the immature Robinson becomes the slave of the captain. Robinson and the boy Xury flight from the ship. On the route shoots down runawaies on the shore of farm animal, even killing a king of beasts and a leopard, loving indigens provided them with nutrient and H2O. Finally their choices counterclaim Lusitanian ship. The captain is taken free deliver Robinson in Brazil.
In Brazil, he arranged and lastingly: Receive a Brazilian citizen, purchasing land for plantations of baccy and sugar cane, the perspiration of working on it.
Robinson one time once more travels to illicitly convey the slaves from Africa. Never before has the destiny of non warned him so clearly: he sailed on Sept. 1, 1659, that is, twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours, eight old ages after his flight from the parental place. In the 2nd hebdomad of sailing ship is wrecked. Robinson is selected on the land.
He is one escaped, as evidenced by isolated three chapeaus, cap, and two odd shoe. The first dark he spends on the tree. By forenoon the tide had driven their vehicle near to the shore, and swam Robinson gets to him. From the trim mast, he builds a raft and ship it & # 171 ; all the necessities of life: nutrient, vesture, woodworking tools, guns and handguns, shooting and pulverization, blades, proverb, an ax and a cock. On the shore, he constructs a collapsible shelter, transportations it from the Sun and rain, nutrient and gunpowder comfortable bed itself. That same dark the storm broke, and the following forenoon from the ship nil left.
The primary concern of Robinson going the device safe, secures lodging, and above all & # 8211 ; in position of the sea, from which merely can anticipate redemption. On the incline of the hill, he finds a level hayfield and on it, against a little indenture in the stone, decides to flip a collapsible shelter by protecting its palisades driven into the land strong short pantss. Enter the & # 171 ; fortress & # 187 ; could merely be by a ladder.
He will larn to cultivate caprine animals. In add-on to ranching, Robinson will set up agriculture when germinate shingle with rubbish from the bag of grain of barley and rice.
Robinson though entirely, but believes in the hereafter and do non desire to acquire lost in clip, he makes a calendar & # 8211 ; this is a great station on which he makes every twenty-four hours a notch. The first day of the month there & # 8211 ; September 30, 1659/
Among the things that catch in the ship were ink, pens, paper, three Bibles, astronomical instruments, telescopes. Robinson keeps a diary.
Meanwhile, the island of nails wrecked ship, and Robinson gets sur
prise edifice stuff and tools. In those yearss he fell into a febrility, atoning of their fatal mistakes, Robinson first clip «for many old ages, praying, reading the Bible – and every bit much as healed. At his pess lift rum infused on baccy, after which he slept for two darks. Consequently, from his calendar fell one twenty-four hours.
Recovered, Robinson, eventually, examines the island. And the island is rich in farm animal & # 8211 ; coneies, foxes, polo-necks and even penguins. And decides to set a collapsible shelter here, well to beef up it and to populate for several yearss to & # 171 ; bungalow & # 187 ; .
Cherished his dream is to construct a boat and make the mainland. Robinson knocks a immense tree and a few months hew out a canoe. When she eventually finished, he still can non acquire it into the H2O.
In the mundane work topographic point for another five old ages, highlighted the fact that he did construct a boat, launch it and rigged canvas. To a distant land on it does non acquire, but you can walk around the island. Robinson makes a royal gift & # 8211 ; up! The island has a batch of baccy.
In one of his walks Robinson sees the paths in the sand bare pes. Scared to decease, he returns to the & # 171 ; fortress & # 187 ; and sits at that place for three yearss. Most likely, it savages from the mainland.
Life is filled with Robinson ‘s new & # 8211 ; and pleasant attentions. Friday, as he called saved, was able to disciple, loyal and good friend.
Having learned English, Friday says that on the mainland at his fellow tribesmen live 17 subsisters from the Spanish wreck. Robinson decided to construct a new canoe, and together with Friday to deliver prisoners.
New reaching barbarians violated their programs. Pa, this clip cannibals conveying the Spaniard and the old adult male, who turned out Friday ‘s male parent. Robinson and Friday, has no worse than his maestro controlled from a gun, let go ofing them. Taking the Spaniard ‘s pledged promise non to take it the Inquisition, Robinson sends it to Friday ‘s male parent to the mainland. And on the 8th twenty-four hours, on the island arrive new invitees. The lone status which puts Robinson & # 8211 ; to present it with Friday in England.
Odyssey-old Robinson ended: 11 June 1686 he returned to England. His parents died long ago, but still alive, good lady friend, widow of his first maestro. In Lisbon, he learns that all these old ages, his Brazilian plantation managed by the exchequer functionary, and as it turns out that he was alive, he returns all the income for this period. Affluent adult male, he takes into his attention of two nephews, and the 2nd prepares crewmans. Finally, Robinson married ( he is 61 old ages ) . He has two boies and a girl.
The chief character is Robinson Crusoe. Robinson was the 3rd boy in the household, spoiled kid, he was non prepared to any trade, and from his childhood, his caput was filled with & # 171 ; all kinds of things in & # 187 ; & # 8211 ; largely dreams of ocean trips. Robinson introduces the reader to the typical adventurer of the clip. In the chase of net income, it is non decided on a unsafe escapade, and, finally, because of their ain greed tolerates failure. However, on the island Crusoe wholly changed. It is deserving observing that he does non give up and for 28 old ages seeking to acquire back to the mainland. He rapidly learns, learned the trade, keeps the economic system and non at hazard for nil. In order non to travel brainsick keeps a diary and calendar. Robinson is a strong adult male, utilizing a cold computation and accomplishment. Crusoe can wait.
Another hero of the merchandise & # 8211 ; Friday. Friday & # 8211 ; Prisoner of barbarians, released Robinson. Thursday & # 8211 ; grateful adult male. It helps Robinson, rapidly learns the English linguistic communication. In add-on, he is still rather bold, non afraid of guns Robinson, though, and saw it foremost as a God.
This book I read in 5 category, but still it remains one of my favourite plants of foreign literature. It is improbable that I, like Robinson, would be able to last on an un-inhabited island with no people and tools 28 old ages, and this fact compels respect Robinson. The narrative is really interesting and delighting happy stoping. However, the last thing I want to be in this state of affairs.
Defoe Robinson crusoe author