Roman Vs Greek Gov Essay

& # 8217 ; t Essay, Research Paper

Ancient Governments:

A comparing of ancient Greek democracy and Roman democracy

Even today, the ideals of authorities expressed and used by the ancient Greeks and Romans are good known. Although the Grecian democracy and the Roman democracy have many resemblances they besides have many differences. Ancient Greek democracy and the ancient Roman democracy may look the same but they are really both similar and different in three important ways: how the system of a democracy and a republic work, how each authorities elected their functionaries, and how the hierarchy of each system was oriented.

First, democracies and democracies are likewise and unlike in the manner that their general system works. Both systems give their power to the people. A democracy is a signifier of province based on the construct that sovereignty resides in the people ( Republic 1 ) . A democracy is a political system in which the people of a state regulation ( Democracy 1 ) . Additionally, both systems elect representatives. In both democracies and democracies, power is given to representatives/officials ( Republic 1/ Democracy 1 ) . However, in a democracy, elected representatives are expected to move on their ain best judgement of the demands and involvements of the state. In a democracy, the representatives more by and large and straight reflect the known or discovered positions of their components, sometimes subordinating their ain judgement. ( Democracy 1 ) . In decision, the systems of democracies and democracies are similar yet different.

Second, ancient Grecian democracies and ancient Roman democracies method of electing functionaries have both similarities and differences. Both ancient Greece ( Athens ) and Rome had citizens ballot on who to elect to be an functionary. However, each civilization s thought of a citizen was different. Greece merely gave citizenship to native-born male Greeks ; aliens, adult females and slaves could non be citizens. However, Rome gave half-citizenship to other peoples in Italy giving them full legal rights but no the right to vote ( Citizen 1 ) . In add-on, people who were elected were largely middle- to upper-class persons. Greece merely elected citizens and Rome merely elected patricians, the rich 10 % of Rome s population ( At foremost, nevertheless, plebeians the lower 90 % of Rome s P

opulation fought for rights which included the right to keep office subsequently ) . Furthermore, Greece elected functionaries by indiscriminately choosing citizens ( Krieger, Neill, Reynolds 111-2 ) whereas Rome s citizens chose who to elect ( The Roman Government 1 ) . In decision, the manner that Greece and Rome elected functionaries besides had both similarities and differences.

Finally, the hierarchy of ancient Greece s democracy and ancient Rome s democracy had similitudes and disagreements. First of all, Greece did non elite representatives. Representative democracy was non used because the population was little plenty to utilize a direct democracy, where citizens straight participated with political relations ( Citizen 1 ) . On the other manus, Rome did utilize a representative democracy. Rome elected two consuls to be caputs of province. These consuls had annual footings and besides could blackball each other s actions. ( The Roman Government 1 ) . Below the consuls was the Senate which consisted of 300 work forces who were originally patricians but subsequently could be plebeians. Alternatively, Greece elected citizens to be on the Athenian assembly which made Torahs, and besides the Council of Five Hundred which proposed Torahs and advised the Assembly. The hierarchies of Rome s democracy and Greece s democracy have similarities but they besides contrast ( Krieger, Neill, Reynolds 111 ) .

It is apparent that although ancient Grecian democracy and the ancient Roman democracy may look the same, they are really both similar and different in many ways, including the manner the general system works, the method that functionaries are elected, and the hierarchy of each system. The words democracy and democracy are considered synonyms, but in truth are different in many ways ( Democracy 1 ) .

Plants Cited

1. Citizen. Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. 1998 erectile dysfunction.

2. Democracy Democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. 1998 erectile dysfunction.

3. Krieger, Larry S. ; Neill, Kenneth ; Reynolds, Dr. Edward ; World History: Positions on the Past. Evanston, Illinois: McDougal Littell. 1997.

4. Writers unknown ; The Roman Government. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.fcps.k12.va.us/OakViewES/harris/96-97/agespages/rome/government-rome.html November 20, 2000.

5. Republic. Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. 1998 erectile dysfunction.