Settlers Effects On American Indians Research Essay

Settlers Effectss On American Indians Essay, Research Paper

Ever since the first Europeans inhabited America there has been a captivation with

its land. Its beautiful scenery and its rich dirt made, for the colonists, an attractive topographic point to

settee. Shortly after the settlements formed, the people started to accept agriculture as a manner of

life. Gradually the settlers became self-sufficing and finally broke all political ties

with their female parent state, England. In the distance the native Americans ( dubbed

American indians by the colonists ) watched as more and more Europeans came into their fatherland.

American authorities took advantage of the Indians by flim-flaming them into selling there

lands, non cognizant of what they were making, and coercing them off if they resisted. The

American indians became disquieted as they were invariably being shouldered off of their land. In order

to esteem each others infinite, pacts were made between the authorities and the assorted

folks of Indians. The find of gold, nevertheless, changed all of this. Instantaneously

the pacts were out of the inquiry and white colonists streamed into tribal lands. As

society kept billowing West and more pacts were broken, Indian folk either resisted or

were taken advantage of in the formation of other pacts. The beginning of capitalist economy

merely enhanced the Whites progress west. After the civil war ended people flowed into the

West in hunt of new land. Soon, railwaies were ploughing through Indian lands, so

telegraph wires, so stagecoach lines. The terminal consequence was the Indians lost their fatherland

and their manner of life. Because the Indians did non understand-until it was excessively late-the true

kernel of white civilization, their being as a people was basically doomed.

Part of the cause of the Indian? s ruin was related to certain premises that

they made sing the white civilization. One premise was that the Whites would contend

with award on the battleground, and that they would utilize tactics similar to those used by

Indian war parties. The honest manner of contending to an Indian was one on one, or one

warrior? s tactics and accomplishments against anothers. When they fought the Whites, nevertheless, they

found themselves up against non single work forces, but a group of soldiers contending in a line

together. This put the Indians at a serious disadvantage, and brought them to get the better of really

rapidly. Besides, they had ne’er heard of the maneuver of chase before. In the winter months,

when usually they would hold clip to rest and no folk would declare war, they found

themselves under onslaught from prosecuting American soldiers. The one premise that led

to the Indians losing about all of their land was that they thought they could keep Whites

to their word. Time after clip, Whites made pacts with folks, declaring a common

regard for each others land. While the Indians thought they were keeping up their terminal of

the pact, the Whites would occupy or force the folks off their cherished land to travel unrecorded & # 8211 ; at

gunpoint & # 8211 ; on an Indian reserve. The Black Hills in South Dakota were the most

sacred of all topographic points for the Sioux Indians. Under the Treaty of 1868, no white individual or

individuals shall be permitted to settle upon or busy any part of the district, or without

the consent of the Indians to go through through the same. By 1875 the pouch

ruddy evidences were

ridden with avaricious prospectors, pouring in from all over the state. This was merely one

illustration of many cases where Indians lost their land. Treaty-maker, James Steele

speaking to Cheyenne and Arapahos, ? We all to the full recognize it is difficult for people to go forth their

places and Gravess of their ascendants, but, unluckily for you, gold has been discovered

in your state & # 8230 ; ? ( Brown 100 )

Another thing the Indians did non understand about the Whites was the extent of

their? land greed? . Part of the? American Dream? was to ain land, so, white colonists

sought it out where it was plentiful & # 8211 ; in the West. The lone job was that it was

inhabited by Indians. To warrant the invading of Indian districts, the Americans came up

with Manifest Destiny. This said that, ? The Europeans and their posterities were

ordained by fate to govern all of America. ? ( Brown 8 ) Besides, it said that because the

Whites were the dominant race, they are responsible for all Indians and all that they own.

Now that it was morally all right, whites moved onto tribal lands, broke sacred pacts with

the Indians, and even fought with the Indians to acquire land of their ain. Finally, all of

the Indians would lose their lands to white colonists.

The one thing that doomed the Indians the most was the Whites finding to

achieve advancement. After the civil war America was left with a extremely productive economic system.

Capitalism emerged as a new force in society, rushing up the person? s gait of life.

Industry was dining, enterprisers established concerns everyplace throughout the

state as the Industrial Revolution brought engineering across the state like a mighty

Fe Equus caballus. Railroads smashed waies through Indian lands, garrisons sprang up around the

railwaies, so more garrisons. Communication increased with the innovation of the telegraph.

Soon, telegraph wires streamed from the West seashore to the east seashore. This, to the white

society, was advancement and the Indians were in the manner. The authorities sent soldiers to

implement the dehabitation of Indian lands. When a folk resisted they kidnapped their

heads, shot all of their Equus caballuss, and killed off the buffalo-their chief nutrient supply. From

1872 to 1874 3,700,000 American bisons were killed, merely 150,000 of them were killed by Indians.

( Brown 265 ) The white soldiers were excessively many for the brave Indian warriors to contend off,

and finally, they lost their battle for freedom.

The Indian manner of life was basically different from that of white civilization.

While the Indian was at peace with nature, the white adult male was destructing it, cutting down

its woods and working its natural resources. The Indian had no construct of clip other

than that of the Sun and of the seasons, while the Whites had concern deadlines and busy

agendas. Because of this huge difference in values, peaceable coexistence was non easy to

achieve. The Indians assumed that they could swear the Whites & # 8211 ; they were incorrect. They

idea they could halt prospectors from occupying their districts & # 8211 ; they were incorrect.

The white society would non halt every bit long as there was land to be had and money to be

made. ? They made us many promises, more than I can retrieve, but they ne’er kept but

one ; they promised to take our land, and they took it. ? ( Brown 449 )