Suicide Essay, Research Paper
Julien Rouleau Suicide: A Self-Destruction Suicide is the act or an case of deliberately killing oneself. Harmonizing to Emile Durkheim, self-destruction is applied to all instances of decease ensuing straight or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself, which he knows will bring forth this consequence ( 44 ) . Suicide is a seldom of all time a goad of the minute thing. Th Susceptibility to suicide is lowest among those who have strong community ties. Engagement in church, temple or temple may assist the distressed individual feel that he is portion of a spiritual family bound together by ties of understanding, love, and common concern. House of worship frequently substitute for a missing household. ? We this reach the decision that the high quality of Protestantism with regard to suicide consequences from its being a less strongly integrated church than a Catholic church? ( Durkheim 159 ) . Grollamn noe? Augustine ( 354-430 ) denounced self-destruction as a wickedness, there was no official church against it ( 23 ) . Today people continue to perpetrate self-destruction for a assortment of grounds: Love, insanity and chronic depression. There is normally a series of events and warning mark before an effort is made. Suicide is non spoken much and is a subject that needed to be explored. Statisticss on self-destruction efforts alterations so quickly, that none can be stated with truth. Grollman write that? Almost everybody at one clip or another contemplates suicide. Suicide is one of many picks open to human existences? ( 5 ) . If one is watchful and observant, there is a opportunity that the suicide victim can be saved. Imagine the idea of being dead. Would the universe be better off without that one life? Probably non, but some people may believe so. That life will be greatly issued by person. It may even do a individual to desire to perpetrate self-destruction in order to fall in the friend that died. Imagine how it would experience if the force per unit areas of mundane life increased greatly. Possibly a parent, brother or sister was lost. What if an adolescent individual was arrested? How would his household and friends react to this small bad luck? Say there is a trial in math or scientific discipline category, and when the trial came back the same individual had failed it. It would look to him to be merely another failure in a series of bungled efforts to foster himself. It seems that the last month or two has been nil but adversity. There is no topographic point to travel. So, he feels, there is merely one thing that can assist, suicide. ? Man prefers to abandon life when it is least hard ( Durkheim 107 ) . The kid may believe: ? If I where to decease now, my parents would experience sorry for their beastliness? ( Grollman 6 ) . For yearss, even hebdomads, a program is formulated. How does he go forth the loved 1s and his jobs behind creditably? Finally he thinks of a program, kiping pills, in hopes that a concluding sleep will take all the incubuss of world off for good. Klerman note that? An act like this is prepared within the silence of the bosom, as is a great work of art? ( 55 ) . The pills are taken, after a while sleep sets in. At last, the concluding remainder that has been so long awaited for. A bleary vision appears and easy focal points. A white room appears, the vision gets clearer. He focuses in on inside informations, such as an IV base with several bags hanging on it. The infirmary room was non the expected topographic point to wake up. This effort was merely one more failure in his life. The following clip he will believe of a more deadly manner to seek ageless peace. After the effort. He will travel to a infirmary where all his actions will be monitored. In the terminal, a counsellor is normally called in. hopefully its will assist him in the battle to cover with life? s jobs, all this done in hopes that another effort is made. ? 12 % of those who attempt self-destruction will do a 2nd attempt and win within two old ages ( Grollman 73 ) . To believe all of this could hold been prevented if he sought aid in the beginning. To farther understand self-destruction, we must take a expression at the different grounds behind the act itself. Suicide is non a familial disease, but instead a series of events that are really cheerless or nerve-racking. Dolce implies that? For old ages people assume that merely mental or emotional jobs drove people to perpetrate self-destruction? ( 33 ) . Lester writes, ? Zimmerman et Al found that down inmates who had experienced more psychological emphasiss had besides attempted suicide more? ( 205 ) . Without depression, most people would non try to take their ain lives. ? Peoples have been killing themselves since the beginning of recorded history. Attitudes toward suicide vary from age to age and from civilisation to civilisation? ( Grollman 17 ) . ? Typically down patient is disposed to be immature adult female under the age 40? ( Klerman 107 ) . ? While self-destruction remains a major beginning of mortality, depression is a major beginning of morbidity? ( Klerman XV ) . Depression, is a critical issue in about every self-destruction effort. The victim feels really down and everything seems to be traveling the incorrect manner. Depression is non merely? unhappiness? . Depression is a mild signifier mental unwellness which can be lasting or impermanent. It can be simple things like the loss of involvement in usual activities. Showing mark of unhappiness, hopelessness, weakness and crossness are common in suicide victims. If rapid alterations in appetency, weight, behaviours, degree of activity or slumber forms, or loss of energy occur, one must be cognizant of the fact that these are premier warning signals. While doing negative remarks about one? s ego can be because of deficiency of ego regard, it is besides be something to be watched for, particularly in one who seems to be purposefully seting their personal personal businesss in order, giving away their ownerships, or has a sudden intense involvement I personal volitions or life insurance. ? The young person gives off all this valued books and prized record player records? ( Grollman 74 ) . If one notice a individual appears to be cleaning their slate of personal incidents in the yesteryear, ruddy warning flags should travel up, peculiarly if this individual has had suicide ideas or phantasies, or has made old efforts at self-destruction. Be familiar with a sudden alteration from utmost depression to being? at peace, ? in one who has antecedently been speaking, composing or suggesting about self-destruction. ? Once a individual has decided to kill himself he about ever acts a small spot otherwise & # 8221 ; ( Grollman 74 ) . This list does non depict all self-destructive people. ? Davidson found that 1
7% of a sample of drug abuser had previously attempted suicide? (Lester 303). Some may not show any signs and yet be suicidal. ?Others may show all these sign and not be suicidal. In many cases, the victim would choose differently if they were not in such great distress and were able to evaluate their options objectively?(Stoney). Depression is like a bad dream, but with help, a person can overcome this ?bad dream? and awake. The start of what leads a person to suicide does not have anything to do with the person?s present life experiences, but with their early childhood experiences. ?Traumatic or difficult birth experiences put certain people at a much higher risk for suicide? (Dolce 33). ?Scientific studies indicate that babies who suffer respiratory difficulty during or shortly after birth may be more prone to suicidal tendencies late in life? (Dolce 36). This is because the view of others, outside family and friends, has no contribution to the pain that causes suicide and depression. Depression can include: self-pity, shame, envy, and grandiosity. All of these things play a role in depression one way or another. Depressed people are usually subjects to desire and ?grandiose ideation?. Some psychologist suggest that depression and grandiosity are in some ways, mirrors of each other, both being types of ?narcissistic disturbance? (Conroy 104). Grandiosity is best described as when a person starts thinking they are above everyone and everything else. They absurdly exaggerate many things in their lives just for the attention it brings them. Envy, another cause of depression, has two aspects. In its primary sense, ?envy is the experience of pleasure, when the person who has that desired quality suffers misfortune?. (Conroy 85) Shame, in depression, is usually aimed inward toward the victim, or depressed person. The feeling of, ?why did I not do that?? or ?why did I not take that chance?? rather than having pity for other people?s mistake or misfortune. When self-pity, another depression mode, is thought of, it usually brings up the feeling of being sad or angry for mistakes that have happened in the past. David L. Conroy gives a better example of self-pity by saying, ?Our recognition of our own suffering is much more vivid than our appreciation for the suffering of others (99). Shortly before an attempt at suicide is made, a note may be written. ?Eaton and Reynolds found that adolescent attempt suicides were less likely to leave a suicide note than adult attempters? (Lester 261). This article is refereed to as a suicide note. It is one of the only things that can be examined after the attempt or ?completed? suicide to help the friends and families determine what the victim was thinking and/or feeling at the time. Here is a letter that has most of the depression characteristics discussed earlier: It is hard to say why you don?t want to live. I have only one real reason. The three people I have in the world which I love, don?t love me. Tom, I love you so dearly, but you have told me you don?t want me and you don?t love me. I never thought you would let me go this far, but I am now at the end which is the best for you. You have so many problems and I am sorry I added to them. Daddy, I hurt you so much and I guess I really hurt myself. You only wanted the best for me and you must believe this is it. Mommy, you tried so hard to make me happy and to make things right for all of us. I love you too, so much. You did not fail. I have no place to go so I am back where I always seem to find peace. I have failed in everything I have done and I hope I do not fail in this. I love you all dearly and am sorry this is the way to say good bye. Please forgive me and be happy. Your wife and daughter (Lester 79). When looking at and examining at suicide note, there are severals factors to look for. One of the factors might be that the victim is faced with depressing problems that are extremely hard to deal With. His situation is viewed as long history of similar crisis. He believes that death is the only way to escape the problems in his life. The victim usually becomes socially isolated, so isolated that the distress cannot be shared with others. The victim must also overcome the belief that suicide is not irrrational or immoral. The victim feels less constrained by social rules. He feels that the problem is not of his own making, and there is not other solution. He makes a statement that his problems will not occur after death (Lester 78). The following are illustrations of people who failed committing suicide because it is not easy as the Hollywood movies make it seem. 1. Tom, a teenage boy, put a .22 pistol to his head and pulled the trigger. The bullet entered his temple, ripped through his brain, ricocheted around in his skull, and lodged in his jaw. He did not die. Now severely brain-damaged, he lives on, unable to work or go to school. 2. Marry jumped from a high bridge into a river, many people have died making this same jump. Marry did not. Rather, she entered the water at a bad angle and broke her back. She was rescued before she could drown. Marry lives in a wheelchair. 3. George shot himself with a large-caliber pistol in the stomach. He destroyed a kidney. Fortunately, he had two. 4. Bryan, arrested on a drug charge and fearful of his parents reaction. Attempted to hang him self and loosing consciousness. The loss of oxygen to his brain caused permanent brain damage. 5. Janice cut her wrists-sideways. One of the cuts ran deep enough to sever a tendon. Janice used to play piano. She still does but not so swell (Quinnet 118). A good assumption to make about suicide attempts would be, the more lethal method a person uses, the more their body will be disfigured if their attempt fails. This not a major concern of the victim, but causes untold grief to those left behind to care of what is left of that person. Here are several reasons why suicide should not be an option. One, funerals are expensive, two, the Mr. Rogers way of thinking, people can like me just the way I am. There are many signs and reasons people commit and attempt suicide. They are usually in extreme emotional pain. They do no see another way out of their problems. These victims of emotions running rampant need lots of love and understanding. But what they need most is someone to really listen to them and tell them, ?I do not want you to die.?