Abstraction: In this paper. I have made an effort to analyze the present power state of affairs in Tamil Nadu. a province that has attracted plentifulness of FDI in power critical industries. Soon. the environment is contributing for large companies to put in Tamil Nadu. However. there are many challenges to guarantee that the demands are met both for domestic and industrial application. The survey examines the current scenario and provides elaborate inputs on the assorted agencies for supplying power.
Electric power –the power of the nowadays of universe:
The handiness of quality and dependable power is critical for economic development of the State. Growth in power ingestion is an index of industrial. agricultural and commercial growing of a State. Rapid and self prolonging growing of power sector and its fiscal viability is indispensable for its speedier and sustained socio-economic development of a province. Handiness of sufficient power at sensible rates will hold multiplier consequence on the economic system of the province through addition in investings and improved productiveness of agribusiness. industry and commercialism.
Intro of tamilnadu and its power direction:
TamilNadu is the 11th largest province in India with an country of 130. 058 km2 [ 50. 216 sq myocardial infarction ] and the 7th most thickly settled province with a population of 66. 396. 000. It is the 4th largest subscriber to India’s GDP and the most urbanized province in India. The province has the highest figure ( 10. 56 % ) of concern endeavors in India compared to its population portion of approximately 6 % .
Tamil Nadu recently emerged as the most literate province in India as announced by Ministry of Human Resource Development ( MHRD ) . The top 13 metropoliss in Tamil Nadu are Chennai. Coimbatore. Madurai. Trichy. Salem. Erode. Tirunelveli. Tirupur. Vellore. Tuticorin. Thanjavur. Nagercoil and Dindigul. These metropoliss are built-up with the presence of big and little industries that use electricity as a chief beginning of energy for fabricating their merchandises the demand for power in these metropoliss are turning.
With agribusiness emerging as the largest consumer of power in the province. Tamil Nadu holds the differentiation of being one of the first provinces to set about monolithic rural electrification programme. Presently the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board ( TNEB ) . a province sector endeavor. is the chief energy supplier and distributer.
The TNEB is a statutory organic structure corporate constituted under the Electricity ( Supply ) Act. 1948 ( Central Act 54 of 1948 ) and authorised to map as the State Transmission Utility and a Licensee by the presentment issued by the Government of Tamil Nadu under clause ( a ) of Section 172 of the Electricity Act. 2003.
The Power Crisis in Tamil Nadu
The power crisis has come to remain in the province of Tamil Nadu. For many months now. power cuts for over six hours in the towns and small towns of the province have been the norm. Chennai. which till late was spared the cogency of power casting has now been brought into the scope. This poses a inquiry on the province seeking to pull more and more investing. giving confidences of uninterrupted power supply.
Load shedding-the strength of present TNEB
Load casting which was originally meant for an hr or so. has now been extended to three hours in many suburbs of the metropolis. While this has affected places and commercial constitutions. the industries in and around the metropolis ( High Tension power consumers ) have been hit hard by rigorous ordinances on hours of burden casting. with many units being forced to close down operations for an full twenty-four hours each hebdomad. Industry beginnings are besides upset over the fact that while fabricating units consume merely 35 % of the 9500 MW power ingestion in Tamil Nadu. they are being forced to endure burden casting far more than domestic consumers. Many units have begun runing displacements with the aid of Diesel generators. but this is turn outing to be an expensive solution which is impacting the bottom line.
There is besides a turning feeling among autochthonal industries that the province spot off far more than it could masticate when it came to ask foring big undertakings to put up base in and around Chennai. The addition in power ingestion was non thought through in their sentiment and there is besides a feeling that multinationals are being given power at the disbursal of domestic companies. While there may be no footing for such a position. it does bespeak that the province authorities has laid the land for a potentially explosive state of affairs on the power forepart. Possibly it was against this background that the province merely made a few lame noises about command for the Nano undertaking which finally went to Gujarat.
The major grounds for the power crisis in Tamil Nadu are the undermentioned:
1. Absence of a long term vision to increase handiness of power by capacity add-on and promoting private investing in power coevals compared to other provinces. over the last 10 old ages.
2. Overdependence on outside beginnings.
3. Considerable dependance on air current energy which is extremely seasonal in nature and hence non wholly dependable.
4. Failure to cut down power transmittal losingss in the last 10 old ages
1. Lack of long term vision:
The undermentioned stats demonstrates how the spread between demand and handiness of power in Tamil Nadu has altered significantly in comparing with other industrialized provinces between 2003-04 and 2010-11
Comparing this with the state of affairs in 2003-04. it can be seen that the position of shortages in most of the provinces was the same. except in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu. in peculiar. merely had a shortage of around 1 % in 2003-04. This shortage has been increasing quickly. particularly in the last five old ages as can be seen from the graph below:
Expecting a immense addition in demand. driven by economic growing. provinces such as Maharashtra. Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh put in added attempts to
increase the handiness of power. This was done both by increasing ain capacity and by promoting private investing in power coevals. On the contrary. such a long term vision to increase handiness of power was absent in Tamil Nadu.
Further. installed capacity in Tamil Nadu increased from around 13. 000 MW at the terminal of the tenth program to around 14. 700 MW in 2010-11. stand foring an addition of around 12 % . This represents the least capacity add-on among all the provinces in this period. States such as Maharashtra and Gujarat have capacity add-ons of 53 % and 21 % severally. States such as Rajasthan and West Bengal increased capacity by every bit much as 43 % and 47 % severally. This is explained in the tabular array below:
The graph below will assist you visualise better:
2. Overdependence on external beginnings:
There are five chief beginnings of power in a province – ain coevals. cardinal allotment. power purchased from IPPs. short term power from the exchange and other beginnings ( including air current Millss ) . The beginnings of power for the assorted provinces considered here are shown below:
As can be seen from the above graph. among all the provinces. Tamil Nadu is the most dependent on outside beginnings.
3. Overdependence on air current energy:
All the capacity add-ons in Tamil Nadu were in private air current coevals ( R. E. S ) . which. as mentioned before. is extremely seasonal. This can be seen from the graph below. which shows sector wise capacity add-ons over the last three old ages:
Therefore every bit mentioned before. the ground for the low coevals by the province sector is the absence of investings by the province in stable internal beginnings.
4. Failure to cut down Transmission and Distribution losingss:
Tamil Nadu besides has comparatively low T & A ; D and AT & A ; C losingss of 18 % and 19. 5 % severally. Even though these values are comparatively low. they have remained at these degrees for the past 10 old ages. Tamil Nadu is the lone province which has non reduced its T & A ; D losingss and improved the system over the old ages. This is apparent from the following graph which shows the motion of T & A ; D losingss in the different provinces since 2002-03:
The chief job faced by Tamil Nadu in transmittal is with regard to congestion in the Southern grid. The following tabular array shows the capacity of the Indian electricity grid. Further. the southern grid is presently running at full capacity. This is a major job for a province like Tamil Nadu which is dependent on outside beginnings of power. As can be seen from the graph below. the sum that can be transferred to the Southern Region is non high. ( I am thinking the Kudankulam works will work out this job )
To add a few points to the above:
The demand increased for comparatively simple grounds – unregulated growing in industrial sector. The GoT was giving off licenses to get down new industries randomly with no planning in the past 10 old ages. This spike in power addition is concentrated in really few metropoliss – Chennai. Coimbatore. Salem and Trichy. With this added growing. there was small to no capacity add-on – they merely sat back and allow this state of affairs go on – When the capacity reduced. the hope was that Koodankulam undertaking and assorted other capacity add-ons would be added to the grid by 2008. Due to trifles. the undertaking is non expected to add a net positive to the grid until Q2 2013. And even with the expected capacity of 8500MW. that will non go on in another 4 old ages. Nuclear power is the manner out.
Unless people accept the world of the state of affairs. the state of affairs is likely to go on. Though atomic power is more expensive ( Guesstimate of Rs-12-17 per unit ) it will pay up for itself long term. Solar and air current are good steps. but the dependability and grid capacity have to be increased. Say solar power is added to the equation. the power added to the grid is seasonal. Can the grid grip this added spike? These are parametric quantities which have non been considered. T & A ; D losingss in the grid have remained comparatively the same. Larceny has increased ( larceny is included in T & A ; D figures ) TNEB has been forced to give power at subsidized rates incurring heavy losingss to the melody of unit of ammunition 50000 crores. Furthermore. due to these losingss private participants like windmill proprietors have non been paid for the electricity generated for the last to or three old ages. So they have stopped providing to TNEB every bit good Future Projections:
1. Projected Demand for Power:
The graph below shows projected power demand in Tamil Nadu till 2015-16.
The followers shows the interruption up of the demand sector wise:
2. Supply of Power:
Entire capacity that will be added in the province from 2011-12 to 2015-16 is 7310 MW. out of which 1860 MW will come from the province sector. 4250 MW from the cardinal sector and 1200 MW from the private sector. The workss coming up in the province in the following five old ages are shown in the graph below.
The entire power made available through capacity add-ons in the twelvemonth 2011-12 is expected to be 11. 536 MU out of which 6384 MU is generated from TNEB’s ain capacity add-ons. while 4059 MU is allocated from capacity add-ons of Central Generating Stations ( CGSs ) within the province. Further. a capacity of 1093 MU will be allocated from CGSs outside the province ( viz. . NTPC’s Simhadri power works in Andhra Pradesh and Kaiga APS in Karnataka ) .
In 2012-13. an extra 2770 MU of power is expected to be made available due to farther capacity add-ons by NTPC in the province. The graph besides shows an addition in bing capacity from 65420 MU to 88478 MU. This addition is chiefly due to higher coevals through increased use of the workss commissioned in the old twelvemonth. In 2013-14. merely one works is likely to be commissioned. This is the 1200 MW thermic power works. Coastal Energen. Tuticourin. .
Solutions to these power deficit:
Salvaging power is the first measure to cut down “power crisis” :
There is no instant solution to the power crisis in Tamil Nadu. So the demand of the hr is the better use of bing resources. Power saved is power produced. Energy preservation is the most economical solution to deficits. Energy preservation reduces energy ingestion and energy demand. The term preservation is derived from two Latin words “con” means together and “servare” to guard ; therefore preservation means “to maintain together” or “to guard together” . We can all assist cut down this crisis if Uneconomical usage of energy is stopped ; at place. at mills. Everyone of us have duty to salvage energy. by utilizing energy salvaging contraptions.
Lights and fans are to be switched off when non necessary. Even Kids can assist salvage energy by making simple things like turning of visible radiations. fans and all electronics like computing machine. picture games etc when they are non at desk. The Alliance to Save Energy offers some place energy efficiency tips like utilizing Energy Saving ( LED ) visible radiations that use about 99 % less energy than traditional bulb etc. replace our electricity guzzling ordinary bulbs with the Compact Fluorescent Lamps ( CFL ) which reduces 75 % less electricity than the candent lamps.
We should utilize energy efficient motors in agribusiness sectors that would avoid wastage of H2O and cut energy measures. in constructing sector new thermic doors. thermic Windowss. roofing insularity should be used. utilize energy efficient motors for all our industrial sectors. So that we can salvage upto 30 % of energy ingestion by following the above simple tips.
Not long ago. Japan faced a major power crisis. In September 2002. the Tokyo Electric Power Company ( TEPCO ) was forced to close down 17 atomic power workss for exigency safety reviews. How Tokyo successfully found ways to conserve electricity and avoid blackouts for months even without 17 atomic workss is related in the book Salvaging Electricity in a Hurry. published by the International Energy Agency ( IEA ) .
The motto “Save Energy” purposes at keeping an ecological balance in nature excessively with a vision of bright. beautiful and green Earth in future.