Teddy Roosevetl Essay, Research Paper
Theodore Roosevelt Essay At the bend of the century the United States quickly began coming into its ain with Theodore Roosevelt at the caput. Enveloped in the outlooks, ideals, and doctrines of a fleetly altering state ; Theodore Roosevelt sought to convey approximately many progressive reforms during his clip as president. America now possessed a president that could non merely maintain up with the exponential growing but push it even faster. Both on the domestic and international forepart Roosevelt sharply expanded the power of the presidential term, the federal authorities and the state. Roosevelt did non precisely typify Progressive America due to his more moderate tactics ; including via media, but he did nevertheless accomplish many imperfect reforms throughout his presidential term. The route to presidency began in 1899. Garret Hobart the vice-president of the United States died that twelvemonth go forthing a vacant topographic point on the Republican ticket. Roosevelt received much encouragement from friends ( every bit good as enemies ) to run for vice-president. Roosevelt accepted the vice-president nomination and together with Robert McKinley ; went on to win the 1900 presidential election against William Jennings Bryan. In September, 1901, less than one twelvemonth into his new term, McKinley was agitating custodies with the populace at the Pan-American Exposition when a immature nihilist walked up to him and shot him twice. Characteristically Roosevelt, a great out-of-doorss adult male, was mounting a mountain when he received word of McKinley s decease, and how he would shortly be President. Now president, Roosevelt felt the power of the office of president and the federal authorities should be broadened. This act proved to be two fold: Fdr non merely expanded the authorities s power but he weakened the wealthy and powerful Large Businesss. It was in the concern sphere that Roosevelt most sharply extended the power of the federal authorities. The present policy between authorities and concern was unrestricted laissez faire. Having a laissez faire policy ment that the authorities could non interfere with private concerns at that place by curtailing the free-market system. This privilege of free-market endeavor was abused by the greedy proprietors of concerns they exploited workers and formed trusts to work consumers. The authorities had passed a few concern ordinances but in general left concerns to make as they saw tantrum. Roosevelt was the first president that felt it was the proper function of the federal authorities to do certain that concern was antiphonal to public demands. Because of this he actively sought to modulate concern by implementing the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and forcing new regulative statute law through Congress. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act, passed in 1890, declared illegal every contract combination in the signifier of trust or otherwise, or confederacy, in restraint of trade or commercialism. The act made it illegal to unite single concern houses in ways that restricted competition It further provided any individual or corporation that monopolized, or tried to monopolise, merchandise and/or commercialism would be found guilty of a condemnable act. Once it had a monopoly a trust could one-sidedly command monetary values and single-foot up immense net incomes. The male monarch of trusts, a banker named J.P. Morgan, became the first mark of Roosevelt & # 8217 ; s assault. Many imperfects felt that all trusts were bad and should be abolished ; Roosevelt held a different position. The more moderate president felt the epoch of large concern was inevitable, and that it had of import economic benefits such as increased productiveness and efficiency. In his sentiment, there were good trusts and bad trusts. The good 1s were antiphonal to the demands of the populace, and he wanted to go forth those entirely. He merely wanted to travel after 1s that did non move in the public involvement. On February 18, 1902, he direc
ted the Justice Department to utilize the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to prosecute the Northern Securities Company a railway trust run by J.P. Morgan. Morgan had created this trust to command the activities of several powerful railway companies. He was a rich and powerful adversary, but Roosevelt was winning in March, 1904, when the Supreme Court ruled against the Northern Securities Company and forced it to interrupt up. This marked an of import displacement in the range of authorities. For the first clip the federal authorities was taking an active, regulative place in respect to concern.
Roosevelt could non accomplish all he wanted entirely with bing jurisprudence. He so worked to go through two landmark pieces of statute law & # 8211 ; the Pure Food & A ; Drug Act and a meat review measure. These Torahs were intended to protect consumers against the nutrient industry & # 8211 ; particularly meat packing. Meat baggers used diseased and icky meat, processed meat in insanitary conditions and put labels on their tins that had cherished small relationship to the existent contents. Roosevelt & # 8217 ; s greatest ally in his battle against meat baggers was the novel The Jungle by Upton Sinclair. Its descriptions of the conditions in meat wadding horrified and enraged the populace, who in bend motivated their political representatives to back up Roosevelt. As a consequence June 30, 1906, the President signed both of his consumer protection measures into jurisprudence. Roosevelt was besides the first president to utilize the power of the federal authorities as a agent in the struggle between labour and capital. In May, 1902, the coal mineworkers of eastern Pennsylvania went on work stoppage. They were working 12 hr displacements, six yearss a hebdomad for an mean pay of $ 560 per twelvemonth. The mine proprietors rejected their demands, and the work stoppage continued through the summer into the autumn. Finally the chance of a winter without heat began to scare people, and Roosevelt decided to step in in the involvement of the populace. He invited the leaders of both sides to come to Washington to run into with him. At that meeting he proposed that an arbitration commission assist them settle their differences. The brotherhood agreed to this but the mine proprietors rejected it. By that clip Roosevelt had become really put off by the attitude of the mine proprietors. He threatened to direct in federal military personnels to take charge of the mines. Finally they gave in and agreed to arbitration. The mineworkers won a 9 hr twenty-four hours, a 10 % pay addition and the right to hold their ain representatives present when the coal was weighed. Another invention of Roosevelt s, the preservation motion, initiated saving of the state s national resources. When Roosevelt took office, the president had the power to put aside forests as National Forests Gifford Pinchot, the head of the federal wood division, urged Roosevelt to utilize his power more smartly. Roosevelt followed Pinchot s advice, even when transcending the missive of jurisprudence. He Set aside H2O power sites in the West and coal lands in Alaska by declaring them protected woods. By the terminal of his disposal, the president had added 100 million estates of public land to the national wood preserve. However Conservation did non intend decelerating western colony and agribusiness development. In 1902, the president signed the Newlands Reclamation Act, which provided financess for irrigation undertakings in waterless provinces. Its end was to repossess the desert, conveying big piece of lands of waterless land into cultivation. Roosevelt had ever been a adult male determined to have on out -not to corrode out. He accomplished his end like few other presidents of all time have. While non precisely typifying Progressive America Roosevelt masterfully commanded the features necessary to steer the Untied States in the progressive motion. He did non back down in the face of hardship, and he continually displayed singular physical and moral bravery.