Violence In Hockey Essay, Research Paper
Violence In Hockey
Violence is no alien to hockey. As if legal organic structure checking and stick checking did non do the athletics unsmooth plenty, more and more participants unleash their fury through extended force on the ice. Violence in hockey is what blacklists American participants as 2nd category. This is because of the rise of the force tendency throught the 1880ss and 1890ss into what is now a bloody and hurt filled athletics.
Violence in hockey is so large that it is even traveling on test when, & # 8220 ; Wayne County ( Michigan ) begins prosecution of Jesse Boulerice. Boulerice, a Philadelphia Flyers chance, attacked Andrew Long, a Florida Panthers prospect, by giving him a two handed baseball swing to the face with a hockey stick during an Ontario Hockey League playoff game in April of 1998. & # 8221 ; ( Biggane Brian, Palm Beach Post ) And this is merely one illustration of how widespread force is in hockey.
& # 8220 ; Today, aside from packaging, ice hockey ( in North America ) is alone among athleticss in excusing violence. & # 8221 ; ( Bird, Patrick J. Ph.D. , Column 460 ) In fact, violent punishments have doubled in the NHL since 1975. Many managers and participants recognition this behaviour to the popular myth that the more aggressive squad wins. This myth has come about by the aggressive tactics used by managers in the mid to late 1880ss. These tactics revolved around disenabling the other squad by utilizing somewhat rougher cheques to throw the other participant off balance, and have since evolved to the incorporation of hockey and force. Surveies, nevertheless, have showed the exact antonym, in footings of force and wins. Over the class of the past 25 old ages, as we have seen force double, it has been observed that violent squads tend to lose more than non-violent squads.
The facts may indicate towards non-violence in hockey but it still seems to retain its entreaty. There are a high per centum of fans which prefer force in hockey, and even those who watch hockey strictly for the force. The bottom line is that force makes for profitable amusement so it is on the rise. Violence on the ice besides brings about the macho entreaty which a batch of the participants would wish to be associated with. Many research workers say that this association stems from small conference, where surveies show that parents and managers allow force.
Some people say the worst is yet to come and some people say the athletics used to be rougher. & # 8220 ; Players, such as Joe Kocur, say, & # 8220 ; it was alot unsmooth ten old ages ago & # 8221 ; ” ( Kupelian, Vartan, The Detroit News ) . ( This may be because of less cogwheel required ten old ages ago and the lupus erythematosus refined referees. ) & # 8220 ; Five of the longest suspensions have been handed out since 1993, and the punishments are merely acquiring rougher. And, more equipment is compulsory as opposed to the helmet optional policy of the eighties. & # 8221 ; ( Kupelian, Vartan, The Detroit News ) This shows how functionaries keep a closer oculus on the game and necessitate more protective cogwheel because of rougher degree Celsius
& # 8220 ; Is there a relationship between force and winning in hockey? Despite the broad belief that the more aggressive and violent squad wins, the exact antonym is true. & # 8221 ; ( Bird, Patrick J. Ph.D. , Column 460 ) In surveies conducted by the APA ( American Psychological Association ) , squads with a higher figure of contending punishments tend to be lower in standing than those with less contending punishments. & # 8220 ; Teams who rely on finnesse and grace, alternatively of losing control and doing battles, are squads which normally win. & # 8221 ; ( Dr. Walker, Texas Youth Commission ) This explains why European and Russian normally win international hockey games their combat punishments and violent punishments are much less than in the U.S.
A more recent survey, conducted by Dr. Walker, force bar specializer for Texas & # 8217 ; juvenile corrections bureau, shows the same consequences as the A.P.A. survey. This survey looked at force in Stanley Cup Championship games and, of all 1,462 recorded punishments of all Stanley Cup games from 1980 to 1997, shows that squads playing with less force were more likely to win and averaged more than seven more shootings on end per game than squads that played with more force. Over the class of the seven game series, that would be out to fifty-three more shootings on end. That is more than a whole excess games worth of shootings on end if less force is used. Dr. Walker besides found losing squads demonstrate more violent behavior early on the game. This suggests that force was non due to defeat of losing but instead, to a planned, and knowing scheme which was perchance based on the misguided belief that violent behaviour contributes to winning.
If more force peers less points so one must inquire why the form continues to this twenty-four hours. Dr. Walker suggests that & # 8220 ; Old myths die hard. North American squads that play with more force continue to lose in international competition against European squads that play with finnesse & # 8221 ; . ( Dr. Walker, Texas Youth Commission Homepage ) Coaches and participants likewise should seek to at least kerb if non wholly extinguish violent behaviour while on the ice, and interrupt the bonds between aggressiveness and winning because they are, in fact, non related in the least spot. Hopefully these new surveies will indicate participants in the right way sing on-ice behaviour and educate their playing wonts, so as to derive regard in the international rink.
1. ) Biggane, Brian ( PalmBeach Post Staff Writer ) ; The Pakm Beach Post, Copyright 2000.
2. ) Florida Panthers Homepage, Copyright 2000, Cox Interactive Media, or www.SoFla.com
3. ) The Texas Youth Comission, Violence Studies ; hypertext transfer protocol: //tyc.state.tx.us, & # 8220 ; Studie Shows Hockey Violence is a Loser & # 8221 ;
4. ) Kupelian, Vartan ( Detroit News Staff Writer ) ; The Detroit News, & # 8220 ; Violence is No Stranger to Hockey & # 8221 ; , Copyright 2000, The Detroit News
5. ) Bird, Patrick J. Ph.D. , Column 460, & # 8220 ; Is There Any Relationship Between Fighting and Winning In Hockey & # 8221 ;