Visions Of WWI Essay Research Paper Visions

Visions Of W.W.I. Essay, Research Paper

Visions of WWI

1. Compare and contrast the manners of the W.W.I. with the manners of W.W.II

a. What does hairdo, length and breadth of skirts, jewellery, bathing suits, makeup, coffin nail smoke, etc. bespeak about W.W.I. and W.W.II: During W.W.I the Austrian wore the expressway grey 1909 form adventitia and pants. They have three white stars on the neckband which indicate Sergeants rank. Some have leather spats worn by mountain military personnels ; others wore the ordinary pants with the built-in spat which fastened around the mortise joint with two buttons. Work force and adult females wore adventitias made of khaki serge flannel or cord. Most work forces, and some adult females, besides wore leather cartridge pouches and a slouched chapeau. Womans were seen have oning long, more Fuller skirts. Blouses normally had a high cervix line and the arms were full length. Women besides wore their hair longer but normally pulled it back into a roll or pony tail. Manners were really conservative. ( p. 36-47, A Photo history of World War I ) .

On the Eastern Front, German foot wore white coats with pelt on the interior. They did this for heat and disguise. They wore the field grey cap with black/white and ruddy at the top, and province encirclement on the set. The set was red for foot, black for rifles and heavy weapon, and brown for machine gun battalions. The German Army uniform began to alter in 1915. They went from buttoned turnups to a simple turned back turnup. ( p. 36-47, A Photo history of World War I ) .

During W.W.I. baccy was non often used, but imbibing tea and whiskey was used more for amusement and relaxation. ( p. 125, Over There ) .

During W.W.II. stuffs were scarce. Skirt hems were much shorter and skirts were more form adjustment. The apparels could non hold any turnup, ruffles or flap pockets. Bloomerss could be no more than 19 inches broad. There were besides deficits of cloth such as silk, rayon and nylon. American adult females were get downing to go stylish by have oning military chapeaus, work forces & # 8217 ; s bloomerss, and spots. Women besides stopped have oning big jewellery such as bracelets and beads. Short haircuts were considered much safer at work and less problem. The short hairdos became popular during the war.

Men & # 8217 ; s suits were rationed and each adult male was merely allowed one suit per twelvemonth. Work force were allowed to merely hold four coffin nails per twenty-four hours. ( p. 150-162, Time Life ) .

The manners during W.W.I were non every bit conservative as the manners during W.W.II. The manners during W.W.II. bespeak a deficit of merchandises which mandated the manner industry during that epoch for both work forces and adult females. ( p 36-47, A Photo history of World War I ) , ( p. 150-162, Time Life ) .

B. How do the manners of these two periods in history show how our attitudes have changed: The changing of the manners from W.W.I. to W.W.II. show that work forces and adult females were going more in melody with manner. Manners were non every bit conservative as they used to be. Women were accepting the shorter hairdos and more signifier adjustment apparels. Womans were take parting in the war. Work force were larning how to clean, and cook repasts in the kitchen. Men and adult females were taking on functions that the other sex would usually make.

c. How make the manners of these two periods reflect war America: The manners of these two periods reflect war in America by the type of stuffs that were being used, the handiness of the supplies, and how conservative attitudes changed over clip. The soft chapeaus, high boots, war metals seen pinned to their jackets, longer coats, long full frocks worn by adult females reflect the W.W.I war in America. The difficult chapeaus, slender adjustment apparels, chevrons on the neckband or sleeve, flashy or low cut costumes worn at parties for amusement reflect W.W.II. war in America. We can see throughout clip, from the changing of manners between W.W.I, and W.W.II that people became more insouciant. Peoples of W.W.II looked for more ways to hold merriment, while people from W.W.I were more serious.

4. Life in America during W.W.I and W.W.II

a. W.W.I & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the best of times & # 8221 ;

During the best times in W.W.I. big groups of military work forces would see cathedrals and write endless and appreciative histories of what they had seen or done during the war. Memories left by high ranking officers became a tourer attractive force, and portion of military history. Some of their histories of good times during the war was playing athleticss, such as baseball. One officer left memories of seeing the opera & # 8220 ; Faust & # 8221 ; . He said the opera was really good and even better than the Boston Opera. ( p. 312-314, Over There ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Some of the things they experienced during the war were positive histories harmonizing to the memories they left buttocks. These experiences offered felicity for them and their households during a clip of devastation.

Aweary Soldiers would dance with YMCA misss on the balcony of the Casino, Aix-les-Baines. This was arranged by the YMCA. Several hundred work forces for seven yearss lived a life of luxury and indulgence, apparently every bit free as though they were civilians. The work forces described some of the best of times as & # 8211 ; all right hotels, swell get oning houses, reasonably Parkss and mountain scenery. They would bask tag dance or fire hook in the eventide. The misss were scarce ( 50 to 1 ratio ) , but their company much enjoyed. The adult females in America were basking all the attending they were acquiring from the soldiers they were assisting by entertaining them, volunteering, or functioning clip in the Service. ( p. 312, Over There ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This offered some of the best times for the work forces in the Service, and adult females in America. They enjoyed the amusement, voluntary work, parties, and functioning clip in the Service.

a. W.W.II & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the best of times & # 8221 ;

For many GI & # 8217 ; s, Saturday darks brought a boyhood fantasy come true. Much like the epoch during W.W.I. , beautiful adult females would seek to delight them. The GI & # 8217 ; s would be entertained by Hollywood stars and starlets, and place forepart voluntaries. They would see Broadway musicals and have day of the months with famous persons. Many famous persons would hold parties for the GI & # 8217 ; s. Women in America were pleased to hear that sometimes the work forces in their lives were happy during the clip they served in the war. ( p. 177-188, Life Goes to War ) .

Comments & # 8211 ; This became some of the best times for the work forces that served in the Military. Even the adult females in their lives did non mind all the attending they were acquiring every bit long as they were alive and happy.

During W.W.II. Americans had it reasonably easy compared to the Chinese and Britons. Wagess were higher. Some war workss worked around the clock. Assembly lines were working at full capacity. The mill worker became every bit much a portion of the war as the soldier. There was an inflow of unskilled labour, but production climbed steadily bring forthing aeroplanes, steel, guns, boats and ships. The industrial paysheet rose from 13 billion in 1939 to 44 billion in 1944. Full employment now put an terminal to the Great Depression. ( p. 191-192, Life Goes to War ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; These were some of the best of times because the economic system was making really good and the Great Depression was coming to an terminal.

b. W.W.I & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the worst of times & # 8221 ;

Three American ships on their manner to Texas were destroyed by the Germans in March, 1917. The United States felt their impersonal rights were violated, and the US developed a new hatred for Imperial Germany. As war started to interrupt out in the seas, many supplies needed by the Americans became scarce such as nutrient, loans, and war stuffs. ( p. 8, Over There ) .

In June, 1917, President Wilson declared that every adult male in his mid-twentiess must register for the bill of exchange. He declared that each adult male drafted would be placed in an country where he would function his state the best. Many households were lacerate apart as each territory throughout the United States would pull Numberss for the selected work forces to travel off to war. ( p. 9-13, Over There ) .

b. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the worst of times & # 8221 ;

Americans became cognizant that war was altering their lives for the worse. even though rewards were higher, working hours were long and difficult. Work force had to work the long hours to do up for deficits in fuel and natural stuffs. Trains were soiled and crowded, and travel was discouraged if non restricted. Families were distressingly separated or uprooted as male parents, boies and lovers were called to war. ( p. 188-192 Time Life Books ) .

Comments & # 8211 ; These were some of the worst times because the fuel and stuff deficits forced Americans to conserve energy more. They could non bask the luxury of heating their places, or holding plentifulness of natural stuffs to buy. Peoples were tired from the long working hours, and transposing to occupations were hard.

The first adieu for the work forces traveling off to W.W.II. were being said. The work forces and adult females would stand in forepart of the Gatess taking to the trains, keeping each other in their weaponries. Each adieu was a play in itself. Sometimes the adult females are seen with their weaponries around the adult males waist & # 8211 ; as though they & # 8217 ; re non traveling to allow travel. Other twosomes are seen shouting. Some of the work forces are seen talking reassuringly to the adult females. Other twosomes are seen standing in silence. Each twosome shows much unhappiness and tenderness. ( p. 196-197 Time Life Books ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This was some of the worst times for the households because the terra incognita was in front of them. Womans did non cognize if they could back up their kids, or if their hubbies would return back to America alive.

c. W.W.I. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the age of wisdom & # 8221 ;

Because communications during W.W.I. were so crude, the military work forces in the conflict Fieldss would utilize animate beings for communications. Pigeons would be released with messages attached to them. Dogs would be used to bring supplies for the hurt. ( p. 128, Great Battles of W.W.I. )

Comments & # 8211 ; I thought this was a good illustration of the wisdom they displayed in pass oning back and Forth, or be givening to the wounded, because this process protected the work forces in conflict from exposure to the conflict field.

America became fascinated with the war but preferred to stay impersonal. The Americans kept their distance and they were uninvolved with the war up until Germany became more combatant. Even when America had to come in the war, their ends remained positive. They knew America & # 8217 ; s rights were more cherished than peace. ( p. 3-5, Over There ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; I think the Americans were really wise to stay impersonal during the oncoming of the war. I believe it showed during that epoch that America had much regard for their people.

c. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the age of wisdom & # 8221 ;

During Roosevelt & # 8217 ; s first cabinet meeting in 1933, he warned the Americans that they may be forced into war with Japan. Three months subsequently $ 300 million was allocated to constructing new war vessels. When the Pacific war broke out in 1941, the United States was good prepared for the war at sea. Roosevelt was elected President for 4 consecutive footings. ( p. 134-135 The World at Arms. )

Comment & # 8211 ; This was really wise for President Roosevelt to warn the Americans in progress to fix for war because they would likely be involved. Roosevelt instantly put money into a fund to construct war vessels, and as a consequence, America was ready for the onslaught at sea.

After the Pearl Harbor onslaught, America accelerated their research in making the first atomic bomb. A crash plan was funded bing 2 million dollars. Dr. Robert Oppenheimer, a superb physicist, was put in charge of the undertaking. The undertaking was co-named The Manhattan Project. After old ages of work, the first A-bomb was created at Los Alamos, New Mexico. ( p. 177-182 World War II for Beginners ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; I think making the atomic bomb during this clip period was a wise thing because it was America & # 8217 ; s merely resource at the clip to stop the war. Even though the atomic bomb merely guarantees mass devastation, it has kept America and other states from warfare.

d. W.W.I. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the age of foolishment & # 8221 ;

America did non visualize the tremendous impact the war would put on the handiness of nutrient and supplies needed for endurance. America did non to the full understand the sum of lives that would be taken during the war. ( p. 271, The Last Act ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; I feel it is really foolish non to visualize the desolation that the war would put on acquiring supplies, and how it would impact the lives of work forces and their households.

Childs were drafted every bit shortly as they became the minimal age doing them to lose their loyal pride. Since they were instantly placed in conflict after a short preparation period, they were at times undependable and did non obey orders. ( p235-237, The Last Act ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; It was foolish to outline such immature work forces, or male childs, before they are ready to travel to war. Making this drastically cut down on voluntaries come ining war.

d. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the age of foolishment & # 8221 ;

The American Military was slow to accept adult females desiring to function in the war. There were deficits of work forces in the military, and force per unit areas from loyal adult females who wanted to function their state. The armed forces easy and reluctantly gave in. After much ill will, 100s of 1000s of adult females had volunteered to function in the Army, Airforce, Navy and Marines. ( p. 496-497 A World At Arms ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; It was foolish for work forces in the military non to allow adult females function their state. With the deficits of work forces in the service, allowing the adult females join the service might hold taken attention of the work force deficits.

Restrictions ad limitations were placed on black work forces and adult females in the armed forces. The Afro-Americans were presented with many defeats during the war. Many inkinesss had to travel to the urban countries of the North and Midwest. Employment was difficult to happen because of broad spread favoritism. ( p. 495-495 A World At Arms ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Similar to the deficits in the military, there were besides shortages in the mills. Discriminating against inkinesss and adult females was really foolish, because favoritism is non necessary and it might hold resolved the deficits in the military and mills.

e. W.W.I & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the era of belief & # 8221 ;

When the American Army returned place in 1935, they felt small demand for their being. The Army and the full war attempt fell into difference, and American became so involved in looking towards the hereafter alternatively of the yesteryear, that ex-soldiers were treated thankless and barbarian. ( p.284-285, The Last Act. )

Comment & # 8211 ; this displayed a alteration in the intervention of many Americans after they believed the war was over. the negative consequence the war had on America was displayed in the intervention of the ex-soldiers

Many work forces had to larn to work in the kitchen, cook, clean and wash dishes. They had to manicure mules or Equus caballuss, and larn how to sit them for transit. It is stated & # 8220 ; If I & # 8217 ; ve got to decease for my state, I want to decease gloriously on the field of conflict. I & # 8217 ; d hatred to hold my encephalons kicked out by a mule. & # 8221 ; ( p. 24, Over There )

Comment & # 8211 ; This shows their belief and positive attitude toward the war. I felt they considered themselves heroes if they were to decease for their state.

e. W.W.II & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the era of belief & # 8221 ;

The oncoming of the war brought much economic enlargement offering employment chances for the unemployed. Several mills were now runing as ne’er before. The authorities was puting to a great extent in industrial workss, making many occupations. Private contractors were acquiring immense con

piece of lands from the Government. The United States was get downing to come out of the Depression. ( p. 494-495 A World At Arms ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; When more occupation chances became available, and rewards were higher, Americans were get downing to bask a higher criterion of life. They were get downing to believe that the economic system was get downing to acquire better.

Mothers and Grandmothers working on assembly lines would pack vacation dainties in particular packages for the POWs. They believed that work forces overseas would have the boxes which contained 11 lbs of basics and daintinesss. The contents were really carefully placed into a infinite 10 by 10 by 4 1/2 inches. Many of them working on the assembly line were relations of the captives. the voluntaries would pack 600,000 parcel boxes per month non cognizing their true finish. ( p. 191-197 The Neutrals World War II ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; These adult females were really devoted to their work forces in the war. Even though the adult females did non truly cognize the finish of the bundles, they genuinely believed the work forces would have the boxes filled with dainties.

f. W.W.I & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the era of disbelief & # 8221 ;

When the United States entered the war, the Alliess stood in incredulity that they could win. They were afraid of failure and of losing the war. Contending the Western Front had become deadening & # 8211 ; By the clip America entered the war, Germany and France had displayed a great loss of their ground forcess at the Western Front. The American Army thought the war would last everlastingly. ( p. 13-15, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This displayed an era of disbelief because the American Army could non conceive of winning a war that already displayed much blood shed.

America felt their authorities could hold avoided war, and that the war should somehow avoid America. The bulk of Americans favored peace. Protests came from all parts of the state. However it became apparent after the Germans sank the Lusitania and made menaces to get down unrestricted pigboat warfare, President Wilson changed the public place to travel in front and take part in the war. The American people were bewildered over the determination, nevertheless President Wilson announced that our ain lucks as a state are involved and we now have no pick. ( p. 1-12, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; The people were bewildered and in denial that President Wilson announced America & # 8217 ; s engagement in the war.

f. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the era of disbelief & # 8221 ;

Throughout the United States intelligence of the war brought amazed incredulity and indignation. Even the American newspapers were publishing that the chance of war with Japan was remote. Some wireless Stationss were airing that the invasion was on its manner. Irate and atheistic companies were thronging the patchboard seeking to happen out more information. Peoples on the New York & # 8217 ; s Time Square were shouting angrily stating, & # 8220 ; We & # 8217 ; re traveling to acquire them for this & # 8221 ; . ( p. 140 The World At Arms )

Comment & # 8211 ; This was a good illustration of the era of disbelief because so many Americans refused to believe they were now at war with Japan. They could non accept that America was invaded.

Edgar Hoover ordered that all Japanese-Americans needed to be rounded up in the USA. During a baseball game between Paramount studio squad and a Nipponese squad, the FBI agents started collaring the Japanese. Many of California & # 8217 ; s Americans that were of Nipponese nice rapidly sent the White House wire denouncing Japan & # 8217 ; s actions. In malice of the denunciation, all Japanese-Americans were rounded up anyhow under an order signed by President Roosevelt in February, 1942. ( p. 140, The World At Arms ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Americans, particularly those with Nipponese decent, were stunned that they were being imprisoned because of the invasion. The Japanese-Americans were in denial, and did non believe that Japan had purposes to occupy Pearl Harbor and do so much devastation to the American people.

g. W.W.I & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the season of hope & # 8221 ;

While the war was traveling on, the President of the United States dreamed of a Peace Conference where he would convey peace to all the American people. He felt his state & # 8217 ; s purposes were different from those of his Alliess, and he avoided statements over this issue. The President hoped to keep the Alliess economically and militarily in his manus one time the war was over. ( p. 135-136, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This was a season of hope because President Wilson was moved by his feelings to convey peace to the American people. He hoped to stop the war for the interest of our state.

In 1919, President Wilson suffered a shot. He had many jobs that followed his shot for old ages to come. In malice of his unwellness and obstinacy, he held on to his compacts and would non do any alterations to the Peace Treaty. Several members from the League of Nations opposed his thoughts, nevertheless President Wilson knew what the American people needed to recover peace and protect their hereafter. ( p. 156-177, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; The President extended much hope to the American people by non altering his positions before subscribing the Peace Treaty. America put their trust in his positions.

g. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the season of hope & # 8221 ;

The Nipponese onslaught brought integrity between the Americans. Before the onslaught the United States was a state bitterly divided. Two groups, one led by Roosevelt, and the other led by the American First Committee, were now united as ne’er seen earlier. Labor leaders shortly called off work stoppages and brotherhood members would work around the clock if it was necessary. ( p. 140-141 The World At Arms. )

Comment & # 8211 ; It was a season of hope because the Nipponese onslaught brought Americans closer together. It brought much hope for the hereafter of America. Americans were now dying to assist each other in a clip of crisis

The wartime attempts brought many progresss for inkinesss and adult females. The result of the war proved that inkinesss and adult females had the same capablenesss as white work forces. The war showed they had merely every bit much ability working as veterans and civil workers as did all worlds, white or black, and even adult females. The war besides brought many benefits to veterans and their households. They could now have fillip payments, pensions, medical services, and the GI Bill of Rights. The GI Bill helped supply educational benefits. Veterans could now spread out their instruction and have place loan entitlements. Many more households could now buy their ain place. ( p. 493-497 A World At Arms )

Comment & # 8211 ; Having inkinesss and adult females in the work force or armed forces was a season of hope for America because it liberated those that were one time discriminated against. It brought more hope for the armed forces by holding more people to assist out in the war. It helped make full mills with more needful labourers, and it lessened favoritism. The GI Bill of Rights gave much hope to households desiring to spread out their instruction or have a place.

h. W.W.I. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was the season of darkness & # 8221 ;

In the spring of 1918, the Americans realized that a monolithic American ground forces would be sent overseas. The intelligence complicated industrial production which extended to dragoon tie ups and deficits of supplies, such as coal and nutrient. Everything was a muss and it sent people into a terror. ( p. 100-105, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This was a season of darkness because America would now lose several work forces, many of them who supported their households, who were drafted into the war.

The deficiency of be aftering before come ining the war caused a fuel deficit. The Fuel Administration placed maximal monetary values on fuel. Unfortunately the winter in 1917 was the coldest in 50 old ages, which hampered transporting fuel to the mills. America was ordered to hold & # 8220 ; heatless Mondays & # 8221 ; for several hebdomads. The American people were angry and accused President Wilson of allowing industrial mobilisation faux pas from his custodies. ( p. 98-106, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Having no fuel, or non plenty, for heat or other beginnings gave the people a feeling of hopelessness non cognizing if the state of affairs would alter or go worse.

h. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; It was a season of darkness & # 8221 ;

Some work forces were required to take over the mothering jobs while adult females were going liberated in the work force. Because of labour deficits, it became necessary for adult females to work outside the place in mills, or supply voluntary services for the war. Before the war, capable babysitters were easy to happen. If the parents didn & # 8217 ; Ts take bend with the child-care, so inexperienced babysitters were all that could be found. ( p. 188-189 Life Goes to War )

Comment & # 8211 ; It was a season of darkness for households that had to depend on aliens to care for their kids while they went off to work. Most households did non take to engage inexperient child-care or immature misss to care for their kids but they had no pick because households needed to do a life.

Many errors and bickers would decelerate down the war attempts. There was a acrimonious bequest of race public violences in metropoliss such as Detroit. Blacks and Whites would maul and slay each other. The racism and labour differences caused a troublesome reverse in the war. The US Government was criticized by newsmans for non wash uping all legal attempts to stop the war, but alternatively resorted to force. ( p. 194-195 Life Goes to War ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Not taking attention of the racism when the war was go oning was a season of darkness for America. It merely caused war at place every bit good as abroad. It caused excessively many reverses for America. More lives might hold been saved if the Government had taken attention of the job Oklahoman.

I. W.W.I. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; We had everything before us & # 8221 ;

Before the war, President Wilson was re-elected as President in April, 1917 ; the soldiers and Mariness stood at attending while 1000s of citizens waved their small flags. They chanted & # 8220 ; He kept us out of war & # 8221 ; . When the United States eventually became involved in the war, the people were diffident of their security and safety for the hereafter. ( p. 1-4, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This shows that the American people felt secure and safe, and they had everything before the war. They thought they were exempt from come ining the war.

Before the war, foreign trade had increased. Imports and Exports were at 188 million. The economic system was making highly good, and trade with the Alliess was markedly up. Americans were raising their criterion of life. ( p. 1-8, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Before the war the Americans had their good economic system and an copiousness of supplies to bask.

i. W.W.II & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; We had everything before us & # 8221 ;

Much like W.W.I. , many adult females were going widows during W.W.II. Before the war, married womans had their hubbies to assist support and take attention of the household. Children were now left without the influence and support of a male parent. It became necessary for adult females to happen work. Many of these adult females would set in long tiring hours seeking to do a life for their households. Some adult females could do a good life working, but those who remained at place with the kids were fighting without their hubby & # 8217 ; s net incomes. Many adult females would populate with other households to assist consolidate the measures. ( p. 138-139 Life Goes to War )

Comment & # 8211 ; Before the war, adult females had the luxury of remaining place with their kids, and they had the company of a hubby. Several adult females were now forced to happen employment, or live with other households merely to pay the measures.

Some adult females and their kids would hold to populate together in a individual house or flat merely to assist do ends meet. Overcrowding was a existent job, but they would portion the rent, disconnected hebdomadal nutrient measures, and revolve housework jobs. This life agreement was called & # 8220 ; trebling up & # 8221 ; . This agreement allowed them to salvage adequate money to by war bonds. ( p. 138-139 Life Goes To War ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Families had everything before them prior to the war. They had their ain households to postulate with. Those adult females who lost their hubbies in the war did non hold every bit much income coming in to back up a household. Women, and their kids, had to larn how to acquire along life together, and sharing the disbursals and jobs.

j. W.W.I & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; We had nil before us & # 8221 ;

Before World War I, veterans had adjust by themselves to civil life without any alleviation from the Government. The war brought Congress to go through the GI Bill of Rights, which offered veterans college and university instruction. This in many ways helped alter their lives. ( p 231-234, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; Before the war, veterans had nil to fall back on for support. The GI Bill of Rights was a positive result of the war.

Before W.W.I, America & # 8217 ; s armed forces were non adequately equipped with arms and manpower. Many alterations were made, and the armed forces went from a little ground forces to a monolithic ground forces & # 8211 ; ready to support their state in any future onslaughts or menaces. ( p 235, Woodrow Wilson and World War I 1917-1921 ) .

Comment & # 8211 ; This shows that before W.W.I. , America did non hold reliable armed forces. W.W.I. brought a really needful alteration in the protection of the state.

j. W.W.II. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; We had nil before us & # 8221 ;

Before the war, adult females by and large did non work outside of the place. Womans were non even considered to function in the war. The war brought release to adult females. The war was now coercing society to see adult females in the service or work force as acceptable. Womans in the work force went from 1 per centum in 1941 to 65 per centum in 1943. Because of deficits in the working industry, and in war attempts, adult females were now being hired for employment or to function in the military service. Traditionally, adult females were barred from working in wartime production, nevertheless adult females were shortly larning they were merely as capable of executing the same undertakings as the work forces. ( p. 140-145 Life Goes to War )

Comment & # 8211 ; Before the war adult females were non as liberated. Womans were now basking their independency as ne’er before. Women felt before the war they did non hold the same rights as the work forces when it came to employment, or functioning in the military. Liberation was replacing favoritism and giving them the freedom they could

Charles Messinger, Atlas of World War Two, Macmillan Publishing New York.

Errol Selkirk, World War Two For Novices, Writers and Readers Printing 1975.

Philip J. Haythorn, Photohistory of World War One, Arms and Armour Publishing.

Trish Marx, Over There, Lerner Publishing Company Minneapolis, Minnesota.

David E. Scherman, Time Life Books, Little Brown and Company Toronto Books.

David E. Scherman, Life Goes To War, Little Brown and Company Toronto Books.

Anthony Livesey, Great Battles of World War Two, Macmillan Publishing New York.

Gerhard L. Weinberg, A World At Arms, Cambridge University Press.

Michael Wright, The Last Act, The Reader & # 8217 ; s Digest Association.

Dennis J. Fodor, The Neutrals World War Two, Time Life Publishing.

Richard Goldstein, Woodrow Wilson and World War One, Dell Publishing Group.

Anthony Livesey, Great Battles of World War Two, Macmillan Publishing Company New York.

Grolier Encyclopedias 1996, Grolier Encyclopedia United Nations and League of Nations.